1. Home
  2. Coding
  3. Java String to Date and Date to String

Java String to Date and Date to String

Share

How to convert a Date to String and parse a Date from a String in Java? We can use the SimpleDateFormat class to convert a Date to String and vice versa. In particular, using the format and parse methods we can, respectively, parse a string and format a date.

In the next chapters, we will see how to use these two methods to:

You can find in this Github repository the full code shown in this article.

What is SimpleDateFormat?

SimpleDateFormat is a Java class that is used to format and parse a Date using a specific date and time pattern. It comes from the java.text.SimpleDateFormat package and is included by default from Java Platform SE 7. In this guide, we will make extensive use of the “format” and “parse” methods because they are the main methods that allow us to transform Dates using SimpleDateFormat.

Moreover, we can change the date and time pattern (for example, dd-MM-yyyy) according to what we need, following the specifications written in the official SimpleDateFormat documentation:

SimpleDateFormat Date and Time patterns
Date and Time patterns

How to convert Date to String

To convert a Date to String in Java we use the method format() from the SimpleDateFormat’s class. For example, if we want to display a date as “day/month/full-year”, we use the pattern dd/MM/yyyy like we did in the code below:

SimpleDateFormat sdf = new SimpleDateFormat("dd/MM/yyyy");
String dateStr = sdf.format(date);

Full code with a unit test:

import static org.junit.jupiter.api.Assertions.assertEquals;

import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.util.Calendar;
import java.util.Date;

import org.junit.jupiter.api.DisplayName;
import org.junit.jupiter.api.Test;

public class DateToStringConversion {

  public static String convertDateToString(Date date) {
    SimpleDateFormat sdf = new SimpleDateFormat("dd-MM-yyyy");
    return sdf.format(date);
  }

  @Test
  @DisplayName("Convert date to string")
  public void convertDateToStringTest() {
    Calendar calendar = Calendar.getInstance();
    calendar.set(2021, 11, 15);
    Date date = calendar.getTime();
    assertEquals("15-12-2021", convertDateToString(date));
  }
}

How to convert a String to Date

To convert a String to Date in Java we can use the method parse() from SimpleDateFormat.

The following code parses a String formatted using dd-MM-yyyy pattern and returns a Date (from java.util.Date):

SimpleDateFormat sdf = new SimpleDateFormat(datePattern);
return sdf.parse(dateStr);

Full code with a unit test:

import static org.junit.jupiter.api.Assertions.assertEquals;
import static org.junit.jupiter.api.Assertions.assertNotNull;

import java.text.ParseException;
import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.util.Calendar;
import java.util.Date;

import org.junit.jupiter.api.DisplayName;
import org.junit.jupiter.api.Test;

public class StringToDateConversion {

  public static Date stringToDateConversion(String dateStr, String datePattern) throws ParseException {
    SimpleDateFormat sdf = new SimpleDateFormat(datePattern);
    return sdf.parse(dateStr);
  }

  @Test
  @DisplayName("Convert String to Date")
  public void stringToDateConversionTest() throws ParseException {
    String dateStr = "25-02-2021";
    String datePattern = "dd-MM-yyyy";
    Date date = stringToDateConversion(dateStr, datePattern);
    Calendar calendar = Calendar.getInstance();
    calendar.setTime(date);
    assertNotNull(date);
    assertEquals(25, calendar.get(Calendar.DAY_OF_MONTH));
    assertEquals(1, calendar.get(Calendar.MONTH));
    assertEquals(2021, calendar.get(Calendar.YEAR));
  }
}

How to convert a date string to a different format

To convert a date string into a different format we first have to parse the string into a Date, secondly, we format the date into a string.

The following code returns a new String with dd-MM-yyyy pattern starting from yyyy-MM-dd:

SimpleDateFormat sdf = new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd");
SimpleDateFormat newSdf = new SimpleDateFormat("dd-MM-yyyy");
Date temp = sdf.parse(dateStr);
return newSdf.format(temp);

Full code with a unit test:

import static org.junit.jupiter.api.Assertions.assertEquals;

import java.text.ParseException;
import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.util.Calendar;
import java.util.Date;

import org.junit.jupiter.api.DisplayName;
import org.junit.jupiter.api.Test;

public class DateStringToDifferentFormat {

    public static String convertDateStringToDifferentFormat(String dateStr) throws ParseException {
        SimpleDateFormat sdf = new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd");
        SimpleDateFormat newSdf = new SimpleDateFormat("dd-MM-yyyy");
        Date temp = sdf.parse(dateStr);
        return newSdf.format(temp);
    }

    @Test
    @DisplayName("Convert date string to a different format")
    public void convertDateStringToDifferentFormatTest() throws ParseException {
        assertEquals("15-12-1991", convertDateStringToDifferentFormat("1991-12-15"));
    }
}

External Resources:

If you like our post, please share it:

Polynique © 2020 - 2021, made with ❤️ by a developer, for developers.

Latest update:

All trademarks, service marks and company names are the property of their respective owners.

AboutPrivacy PolicyCookie Policy